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I-Voyager 1 iqala kabusha ukuthumela isignali Emhlabeni  

I-Voyager 1, into ekude kakhulu eyenziwe umuntu emlandweni, isiphinde yaqala ukuthumela isignali ku- Emhlabeni ngemva kwegebe lezinyanga ezinhlanu. Ngomhla ziyi-14 kuLwezi 2023, Yayiyekile ukuthumela idatha yesayensi nobunjiniyela efundekayo eMhlabeni kulandela inkinga yamakhompyutha angaphakathi yize yayithola imiyalo evela kulawulo lwemishini futhi isetshenziswa ngendlela evamile.  

Amakhompyutha amathathu angaphakathi, abizwa nge-flight data subsystem (FDS) epakisha idatha yesayensi nobunjiniyela ngaphambi kokuba ithunyelwe Emhlabeni ibingasebenzi kahle ngenxa yokuthi i-chip eyodwa namanye amakhodi esofthiwe abengasebenzi. Lokhu kwenza idatha yesayensi nobunjiniyela ingasetshenziswa. Indlela entsha yokubhekana nalolu daba yaba yimpumelelo futhi ithimba lemishini lezwa ngeVoyager 1 ngomhla zingama-20 kuMbasa wezi-2024 futhi lakwazi ukuhlola impilo nesimo somkhumbi-mkhathi ngemva kwegebe lezinyanga ezinhlanu.  

Isinyathelo esilandelayo siwukwenza umkhumbi-mkhathi uqale ukubuyisela idatha yesayensi futhi.   

Njengamanje, iVoyager 1 iqhele ngamakhilomitha ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-24 ukusuka Emhlabeni. A radio Isignali ithatha cishe amahora angama-22 ½ ukufika ku-Voyager 1 namanye amahora angama-22 ½ ukubuyela kuyo Emhlabeni.  

Iwele travel imikhumbi-mkhathi imikhumbi-mkhathi egijima isikhathi eside futhi ekude kakhulu emlandweni.  

IVoyager 2 yethulwa okokuqala, zingama-20 kuNcwaba 1977; I-Voyager 1 yethulwa ngendlela esheshayo, emfushane ngo-5 Septhemba 1977. Selokhu yethulwa, imikhumbi-mkhathi i-Voyager 1 kanye ne-2 isaqhubeka nohambo lwayo lweminyaka engaphezu kwama-46 futhi manje ihlola izinkanyezi. isikhala lapho lutho oluvela khona Emhlabeni ike yandiza ngaphambili.  

KwakuyiVoyager 1 eyathatha abadumile Ichashazi eliluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka isithombe se Emhlabeni mhla ziyi-14 kuNhlolanja 1990, ukusuka ebangeni eliyirekhodi elingamakhilomitha ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane eziyisithupha ngaphambi kokushiya isimiso sonozungezilanga.  

Ngomhla zingama-25 kuNcwaba wezi-2012, iVoyager 1 yaqopha umlando ngesikhathi ingena phakathi kwezinkanyezi isikhala. Kwakuwumkhumbi-mkhathi wokuqala ukuwela i-heliosphere. Yinto yokuqala eyenziwe umuntu ukungena phakathi kwezinkanyezi isikhala

Ngaphambi kokungena kwe-interstellar isikhala, i-Voyager 1 yenza igalelo elibalulekile olwazini lwethu lwesimiso sonozungezilanga. Ithole indandatho encane ezungeze i-Jupiter kanye nezinyanga ezimbili ezintsha ze-Jovian: i-Thebe ne-Metis. E-Saturn, i-Voyager 1 yathola izinyanga ezinhlanu nendandatho entsha ebizwa ngokuthi i-G-ring. 

I-Voyager Interstellar Mission (VIM) ihlola umkhawulo ongaphandle wesizinda se-Sun. Futhi ngale.   

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Imithombo: 

  1. I-Voyager 1 yeNASA Iqala Kabusha Ukuthumela Izibuyekezo Zobunjiniyela ku Emhlabeni. Kuthunyelwe ngomhla ka-22 Ephreli 2024. Itholakala e- https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/nasas-voyager-1-resumes-sending-engineering-updates-to-earth  

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