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Incwadi Entsha Yokuxilonga ye-ICD-11 Yezinkinga Zengqondo  

World Health Organization (i-WHO) ishicilele ibhukwana elisha, eliphelele lokuxilonga kwengqondo, ngokuziphatha, kanye neziyaluyalu ze-neurodevelopmental. Lokhu kuzosiza abafanelekayo Impilo yengqondo kanye nezinye zezempilo ochwepheshe ukukhomba nokuxilonga ingqondo, ngokuziphatha kanye nokuphazamiseka kwe-neurodevelopmental kuzilungiselelo zomtholampilo futhi kuzoqinisekisa ukuthi abantu abaningi bayakwazi ukufinyelela ukunakekelwa kwekhwalithi nokwelashwa abakudingayo.  

Incwadi enesihloko esithi “Izincazelo zomtholampilo kanye nezidingo zokuxilonga ze-ICD-11 yengqondo, ngokuziphatha kanye nokuphazamiseka kwe-neurodevelopmental (ICD-11 CDDR)” ithuthukiswe kusetshenziswa ubufakazi bakamuva besayensi obutholakalayo kanye nezinqubo zomtholampilo ezihamba phambili.  

Isiqondiso esisha sokuxilonga, esibonisa izibuyekezo ku-ICD-11, sihlanganisa izici ezilandelayo: 

  • Isiqondiso ekuxilongweni kwezigaba eziningana ezintsha ezingezwe ku-ICD-11, okuhlanganisa ukuphazamiseka kokucindezeleka kwangemva kokuhlukumezeka, ukuphazamiseka kwemidlalo kanye nesifo sosizi eside. Lokhu kuvumela ukwesekwa okuthuthukisiwe kochwepheshe bezempilo ukuze babone kangcono izici zomtholampilo ezihlukile zalezi zifo, okungenzeka ukuthi bezingakahlonzwa futhi zingelashwanga. 
  • Ukwamukelwa kwendlela yokuphila yokuphila kokuphazamiseka kwengqondo, ukuziphatha kanye nezinzwa, okuhlanganisa ukunaka ukuthi ukuphazamiseka kuvela kanjani ebuntwaneni, ebusheni, nakubantu abadala. 
  • Ukunikezwa komhlahlandlela ohlobene namasiko wesifo ngasinye, okuhlanganisa ukuthi izethulo zokugula zingahluka kanjani ngokuhlelekile ngokwesizinda samasiko. 
  • Ukufakwa kwezindlela zokulinganisa, ngokwesibonelo ekuphazamisekeni kobuntu, ngokubona ukuthi izimpawu eziningi neziyaluyalu zikhona ngokuqhubekayo nokusebenza okujwayelekile. 

I-ICD-11 CDDR ihloselwe ochwepheshe bezempilo yengqondo kanye nochwepheshe bezempilo abangenazo uchwepheshe abaqeqeshiwe njengodokotela bokunakekela okuyisisekelo abanomthwalo wemfanelo wokunikeza lokhu kuxilongwa ezindaweni zomtholampilo kanye nabanye ochwepheshe bezempilo ezindimeni zomtholampilo nezingezona ezokwelashwa, njengabahlengikazi, emsebenzini. abelaphi kanye nosonhlalakahle, abadinga ukuqonda uhlobo nezimpawu zokuphazamiseka kwengqondo, ukuziphatha kanye ne-neurodevelopmental ngisho noma bengabelani ngokwabo ukuxilonga. 

I-ICD-11 CDDR yathuthukiswa futhi yavivinywa emkhakheni ngokusebenzisa indlela eqinile, enezigwegwe eziningi kanye nokubamba iqhaza ehilela amakhulu ochwepheshe nezinkulungwane zodokotela abavela emhlabeni wonke. 

I-CDDR iyinguqulo yomtholampilo ye-ICD-11 futhi ngaleyo ndlela ihambisana nokubikwa kwezibalo zolwazi lwezempilo, okubizwa ngokuthi i-linearization for mortality and morbidity statistics (MMS). 

I-International Classification of Diseases, i-Eleventh Revision (ICD-11) iyindinganiso yomhlaba wonke yokuqopha nokubika izifo kanye nezimo ezihlobene nempilo. Ihlinzeka ngamabizo ajwayelekile kanye nolimi lwezempilo olujwayelekile kubasebenzi bezempilo emhlabeni wonke. Yamukelwa eMhlanganweni Wezempilo Womhlaba ngoMeyi 2019 futhi yaqala ukusebenza ngokusemthethweni ngoJanuwari 2022.  

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Imithombo:  

  1. I-WHO 2024. Ukukhishwa kwezindaba - Imanuwali entsha ekhishwe ukusekela ukuxilongwa kwezinkinga zengqondo, zokuziphatha kanye ne-neurodevelopmental ezingezwe ku-ICD-11. Kuthunyelwe ngomhla ka-8 Mashi 2024.  
  1. WHO 2024. Ukushicilelwa. Izincazelo zomtholampilo kanye nezidingo zokuxilonga ze-ICD-11 ukuphazamiseka kwengqondo, ukuziphatha kanye ne-neurodevelopmental disorders (CDDR). 8 March 2024. Itholakala ku https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789240077263 

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