Isikhangiso

Iseshini ye-MOP3 yokulwa nokuhwebelana kukagwayi ongekho emthethweni iphetha ngePanama Declaration

Iseshini yesithathu yoMhlangano Wamaqembu (MOP3) obanjelwe ePanama City ukulwa nokuhwebelana kukagwayi ongekho emthethweni iphetha ngePanama Declaration esicela ohulumeni bamazwe ukuthi bawuxwaye umkhankaso ongapheli wemboni kagwayi kanye nalabo abasebenzela ukufeza izimfuno zayo zokubukela phansi imizamo. ukuqeda ukuhwebelana okungekho emthethweni kwemikhiqizo kagwayi.

Umhlangano Wesithathu Womhlangano Wamaqembu (i-MOP3) weNqubomgomo Yokuqeda Ukuhwebelana Okungemthetho Ngemikhiqizo Kagwayi usuphothuliwe ngemva kokuthatha isinyathelo esiwujuqu sokulwa nokuhwebelana okungekho emthethweni kwemikhiqizo kagwayi elimazayo. zezempilo futhi iphuca ohulumeni bezwe imali yentela engase isekele Impilo yomphakathi izinhlelo. Iseshini ye-MOP3 yaba sePanama City kusukela mhla ziyi-12 kuNhlolanja wezi-2024 kuya kumhla ziyi-15 kuNhlolanja wezi-2024.

I-Meeting of Parties (MOP) isigungu esilawulayo se-Protocol, okuyi International isivumelwano esaqala ukusebenza ngo-2018 sihlose ukuqeda ukuhwebelana okungekho emthethweni kwemikhiqizo kagwayi ngokusebenzisa iphakethe lezinyathelo okufanele zithathwe amazwe asebenza ngokubambisana. I-Protocol yenganyelwe yi-Secretariat of WHO I-Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC).

Uhwebo olungekho emthethweni ngemikhiqizo kagwayi lubalelwa ku-11% wesamba sohwebo sikagwayi emhlabeni wonke, futhi ukuqedwa kwakho kungase kwenyuse imali yentela yomhlaba wonke ngemali elinganiselwa ku-US$47.4 billion ngonyaka.

Abameleli abavela emaQembu angama-56 kuProtocol kanye namazwe angewona amaQembu angama-27 babuthana ePanama kusukela mhla ziyi-12 kuya kumhla ziyi-15 kuNhlolanja wezi-2024 ukuze kubhekwane nezinkinga eziningi kusukela ekuqhubekeleni phambili kokuqaliswa kwesivumelwano kuya ekuxhasweni ngezimali okuqhubekayo kokulawulwa kukagwayi.

Isimemezelo sasePanama

Iseshini Yesithathu Yomhlangano Wamaqembu (MOP3) yamukele Isimemezelo sasePanama esinxusa ohulumeni bakazwelonke ukuba baqaphele umkhankaso ongapheli owenziwa ugwayi izimboni kanye nalabo abasebenzela ukuthuthukisa izithakazelo zabo ukuze babukele phansi imizamo yokuqeda ukuhwebelana okungekho emthethweni kwemikhiqizo kagwayi.

Isimemezelo sasePanama siphinde sagcizelela isidingo sesinyathelo esisebenzayo sokuvimbela kanye nokulwa nokuhweba okungekho emthethweni ngemikhiqizo kagwayi, okudinga indlela ebanzi yamazwe ngamazwe - kanye nokubambisana eduze - kuzo zonke izici zokuhweba ngokungemthetho ngogwayi, imikhiqizo kagwayi kanye nemishini yokukhiqiza ugwayi.

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Source:

I-WHO FCTC. Izindaba - Umhlangano womhlaba wonke wokulwa nokuhweba ngogwayi ongekho emthethweni uphetha ngesinyathelo esiwujuqu. Kuthunyelwe ngomhla ka-15 February 2024. Itholakala e- https://fctc.who.int/newsroom/news/item/15-02-2024-global-meeting-to-combat-illicit-tobacco-trade-concludes-with-decisive-action

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