Isikhangiso

Sikhumbula uProfessor Peter Higgs wodumo lwe-Higgs boson 

Isazi sefiziksi saseBrithani uProfessor Peter Higgs, odume ngokubikezela insimu ka-Higgs enikeza abantu abaningi ngo-1964 washona ziyisi-8 kuMbasa wezi-2024 kulandela ukugula isikhashana. Wayeneminyaka engu-94.  

Kwathatha cishe ingxenye yekhulu leminyaka ngaphambi kokuba kube khona ukuphana okukhulu Inkambu ye-Higgs kungaqinisekiswa ngokuhlolwa ngo-2012 lapho CERN abacwaningi e-Large Hadron Collider (LHC) babike ukutholakala kwezinhlayiya ezintsha, ezihambisana ne-Higgs boson.  

Higgs boson, inhlayiya ehlotshaniswa nenkundla ye-Higgs iziphathe ncamashi ngendlela eyayibikezelwe imodeli Ejwayelekile. Inhlayiya ye-Higgs inempilo emfushane kakhulu, cishe eyi-10-22 imizuzwana.   

Inkundla ye-Higgs igcwalisa yonke indawo Universe. Inesibopho sokunikela ngobuningi kuzo zonke izinhlayiya eziyisisekelo. Lapho i- indawo yonke waqala, akukho zinhlayiya kwadingeka mass. Izinhlayiya zithole isisindo sazo emkhakheni oyisisekelo ohlotshaniswa ne-Higgs boson. Izinkanyezi, amaplanethi, ukuphila nakho konke kungavela kuphela ngenxa ye-Higgs boson yingakho le zinhlayiya zidume kakhulu ngokuthi inhlayiya kankulunkulu.  

USolwazi Higgs waklonyeliswa ngokuhlanganyela uMklomelo KaNobel kuPhysics ngo-2013, kanye noFrancois Englert. “ukuze kutholwe ithiyori yendlela efaka isandla ekuqondeni kwethu umsuka wobuningi bezinhlayiya ze-subatomic, futhi esanda kuqinisekiswa ngokutholwa kwezinhlayiya eziyisisekelo ezibikezelwe, ngokuhlolwa kwe-ATLAS kanye ne-CMS e-CERN's Large Hadron Collider”.  

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Imithombo: 

  1. Inyuvesi yase-Edinburgh. Izindaba - Isitatimende sokushona kukaSolwazi Peter Higgs. Ishicilelwe ngomhla ka-9 Apr, 2024. Itholakala ngo- https://www.ed.ac.uk/news/2024/statement-on-the-death-of-professor-peter-higgs 

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