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Amaphesenti angama-50 abantu abanesifo sikashukela sohlobo 2 eqenjini leminyaka eyi-16 kuye kwengama-44 eNgilandi abangakatholakali 

Ukuhlaziywa kwe-Health Survey yase-England 2013 kuya ku-2019 kuveze ukuthi balinganiselwa ku-7% abantu abadala abakhombise ubufakazi bohlobo lwe-2. sikashukela, futhi aba-3 kwabayishumi (10%) balabo abazange baxilongelwe; lokhu kulingana nabantu abadala ababalelwa esigidini abanesifo sikashukela sohlobo lwesibili olungaxilongwa. Abantu abadala abasebasha kwakungenzeka ukuthi bangaziwa. I-30% yalabo abaneminyaka engu-1 kuya kwengama-2 abanesifo sikashukela sohlobo 50 babengatholakalanga uma kuqhathaniswa nama-16% alabo abaneminyaka engama-44 nangaphezulu. Ukusabalala kwe-prediabetes phakathi kwezizwe eziNsundu nase-Asia kwakungaphezu kokuphindwe kabili uma kuqhathaniswa namaqembu ezizwe eziyinhloko.  

Ngokusho kwe-Office for National Statistics (ONS) ukukhishwa okunesihloko esithi “Izici zobungozi ze-prediabetes kanye nohlobo 2 olungaxilongwa. sikashukela e-England: 2013 kuya ku-2019”, ilinganiselwa ku-7% yabantu abadala England ibonise ubufakazi bohlobo lwesifo sikashukela sohlobo 2, kanti i-3 kwabayi-10 (30%) yalabo ayizange itholakale; lokhu kulingana nabantu abadala ababalelwa esigidini abanesifo sikashukela sohlobo lwesibili olungaxilongwa. 

Abantu abadala asebekhulile kungenzeka ukuthi babe nohlobo 2 sikashukela, kodwa abantu abadala abasebasha babengase bangatholakali uma benesifo sikashukela sohlobo 2; I-50% yalabo abaneminyaka engu-16 kuya kwengama-44 abanesifo sikashukela sohlobo 2 babengatholakalanga uma kuqhathaniswa nama-27% alabo abaneminyaka engama-75 nangaphezulu. 

Labo abanesifo sikashukela sohlobo 2 nabo kungenzeka ukuthi bangabonwa uma benempilo engcono, futhi abesifazane kungenzeka ukuthi bangaziwa uma bene-low body mass index (BMI), isiyingi esiphansi okhalweni, noma benganqunywanga. ukucindezeleka

I-prediabetes ithinteke cishe oyedwa kwabangu-1 abadala eNgilandi (9%), okulingana cishe nabantu abadala abayizigidi ezi-12. 

Amaqembu asengozini enkulu yokuba ne-prediabetes yilawo anezici ezaziwayo zengozi yohlobo lwe-2 yesifo sikashukela, njengokuguga noma ukuba sezigaba ze-BMI "ukukhuluphala ngokweqile" noma "ukukhuluphala"; kodwa-ke, kwakukhona nokusabalala okukhulu emaqenjini ngokuvamile abhekwa "njengengozi ephansi", isibonelo, i-4% yalabo abaneminyaka engu-16 kuya ku-44 iminyaka kanye ne-8% yalabo ababengakhuluphele ngokweqile noma ababekhuluphele babene-prediabetes. 

Amaqembu ezizwe eziNsundu nase-Asia abenesibalo esingaphezu kokuphindwe kabili kokutholakala kwe-prediabetes (22%) uma kuqhathaniswa namaqembu ezizwe eziMhlophe, Ezixubile kanye nezinye (10%); ukubhebhetheka okuphelele kwesifo sikashukela sohlobo 2 olungaxilongwa nakho bekuphakeme ezizweni zabaNsundu nabase-Asia (5%) uma kuqhathaniswa nabamhlophe, abaxubile nabezinye izinhlanga (2%).  

Kulabo abatholakala benesifo sikashukela sohlobo 2, kwakungekho mehluko phakathi kwamaqembu ezinhlanga, namaphesenti afanayo abantu ababengaxilongwa atholakala kokubili kwabaMnyama nabase-Asia, nabaMhlophe, Abaxubile nabanye. izinhlanga

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Izikhombo:  

Ihhovisi Lezibalo Zikazwelonke (ONS), elikhishwe ngomhla ka-19 February 2024, iwebhusayithi ye-ONS, umbiko wezibalo, Izici eziyingozi zesifo sikashukela sangaphambi kwesifo sikashukela kanye nesifo sikashukela sohlobo 2 eNgilandi: 2013 ukuze 2019 

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