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I-COP28: “I-UAE Consensus” ibiza ukuthi kube noguquko olusuka kumafutha ensalela ngo-2050  

I-United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP28) iphethe ngesivumelwano esibizwa ngokuthi I-UAE Consensus, esibeka i-ajenda yesimo sezulu esinentshisekelo yokugcina u-1.5°C ufinyeleleka. Lokhu kucela amaQembu ukuthi asuke kumafutha ezinto ezimbiwa phansi ukuze afinyelele ku-zero ekhishwayo ngo-2050.. Mhlawumbe, lokhu kuletha ekuqaleni kokuphela izinsalela inkathi yamafutha.  

The ukuthathwa kwesitoko emhlabeni jikelele, ukuhlola kokuqala okuphelele okuphelele kwenqubekelaphambili ehlangene ekufezeni imigomo yesimo sezulu yeSivumelwano saseParis sika-2015 esethulwe yi-COP28 kwaqaphela ukuthi ukukhishwa kwesisi esingcolisa umoya emhlabeni wonke kumele kwehle ngo-43% ngo-2030, uma kuqhathaniswa namazinga ka-2019, ukuze kukhawulwe ukufudumala kwembulunga yonke ku-1.5°C. Kodwa ukuhlola kuthole ukuthi Amaqembu aphumile endleleni uma kufikwa ekuhlangabezaneni nezinhloso zawo zeSivumelwano saseParis. Ngakho-ke, ukubalwa kwesitokwe kucele amaQembu ukuthi aphindaphindeke kathathu amandla kagesi avuselelekayo, aphindaphinde ukuthuthukiswa kokusetshenziswa kwamandla kagesi ngo-2030, ehlise ukwehla kwamandla amalahle anganqamuki, asuse ukungasebenzi kahle. izinsalela izibonelelo zikaphethiloli, kanye nokuthatha ezinye izinyathelo ezisusa uguquko izinsalela uphethiloli ezinhlelweni zamandla kagesi, ngendlela enobulungiswa, ehlelekile nelinganayo, njengoba amazwe asethuthukile eqhubeka nokuhola. Esikhathini esifushane, Amaqembu akhuthazwa ukuba eze phambili nezinjongo zokunciphisa ukungcola emnothweni wonke futhi ahambisane nomkhawulo ongu-1.5°C emzuliswaneni wawo olandelayo wezinhlelo zokusebenza zesimo sezulu ngo-2025. 

I-UAE Consensus inikeza impendulo ku-Global Stocktake futhi iletha izinjongo ezimaphakathi zeSivumelwano SaseParis. Izibopho ezibalulekile zesivumelwano zihlanganisa:  

  • Ireferensi yokuguqula kude nakho konke izinsalela Amandla kaphethiloli ukuze umhlaba ukwazi ukufinyelela ku-zero ephumayo ngonyaka ka-2050. 
  • Isinyathelo esibalulekile esiya phambili kokulindelwe kumzuliswano olandelayo we-Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) ngokukhuthaza “izinhloso zokunciphisa ukungcola okungcolisa umhlaba wonke.” 
  • Ukwakha umfutho ngemuva kwe-ajenda yezinguquko zezakhiwo zezezimali, ukuqaphela indima yama-ejensi okulinganisa izikweletu okokuqala ngqa, futhi kufunwa ukwenyuswa kwezimali zemvume nezibonelelo. 
  • Ithagethi entsha, eqondile ekuvuseleleni okuphindwe kathathu kanye nokusebenza kahle kwamandla okuphindwe kabili ngo-2030. 
  • Ukubona isidingo sokukhuphula ngokuphawulekayo ezezimali zokuzivumelanisa nezimo ngale kokuphindwa kabili ukuze kuhlangatshezwane nezidingo eziphuthumayo nezithuthukayo. 

Ngaphandle kweGlobal Stocktake, I-COP28 yethule imiphumela okuxoxiswana ngayo ukuze kusetshenziswe Ukulahleka Nokulimala, ukuthola izigidi ezingama-792 zamaRandi ezithembiso zangaphambi kwesikhathi, ukuhlinzeka ngohlaka lwe-Global Goal on Adaptation (GGA), kanye nokwenza indima yoMqhudelwane Wentsha Yesimo Sezulu ibe ngesikhungo ukuze kuhlanganiswe ukufakwa kwentsha kuma-COP azayo. Ngaphansi kwe-Ajenda Yezinyathelo eziphelele ku-COP28, imali engaphezu kwezigidigidi ezingama-$85 yoxhaso isiqoqwe futhi izithembiso nezimemezelo eziyi-11 seziqalisiwe futhi zathola ukwesekwa okuyingqophamlando. 
 

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Imithombo:  

  1. I-UNFCCC. Izindaba - Izimpawu Zesivumelwano Se-COP28 "Ukuqala Kokuphela" kwe izinsalela I-Fuel Era. Itholakala ngo https://unfccc.int/news/cop28-agreement-signals-beginning-of-the-end-of-the-fossil-fuel-era  
  2. I-COP28 UAE. Izindaba - I-COP28 Iletha Ukuvumelana Komlando E-Dubai Ukusheshisa Isenzo Sesimo Sezulu. Itholakala ngo https://www.cop28.com/en/news/2023/12/COP28-delivers-historic-consensus-in-Dubai-to-accelerate-climate-action  

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Umesh Prasad
Umesh Prasad
Intatheli yesayensi | Umhleli ongumsunguli, umagazini we-Scientific European

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