Isikhangiso

Iwebhusayithi yokuqala emhlabeni

Iwebhusayithi yokuqala emhlabeni yayiyi/is http://info.cern.ch/ 

Lokhu kwakhulelwa futhi kwathuthukiswa ngo I-European Council for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva nguTimothy Berners-Lee, (owaziwa kangcono ngelika-Tim Berners-Lee) ngokwabelana ngolwazi okuzenzakalelayo phakathi ososayensi kanye nezikhungo zocwaningo emhlabeni jikelele. Umqondo wawuwukuba nohlelo “lwe-inthanethi” lapho idatha yocwaningo/ulwazi lungabekwa ososayensi abakanye nabo abangalufinyelela noma nini noma kuphi.  

Ngalo mgomo, uBerners-Lee, njengosonkontileka ozimele, wenza isiphakamiso ku-CERN ngo-1989 sokwenza uhlelo lomhlaba wonke lwemibhalo ye-hypertext. Lokhu kwakusekelwe ekusetshenzisweni kwe-inthanethi eyayivele ikhona ngaleso sikhathi. Phakathi kuka-1989 no-1991, wenza i- I-Universal Resource Locator (URL), uhlelo lwamakheli olunikeza ikhasi leWebhu ngalinye ngendawo ehlukile, i Izivumelwano ze-HTTP ne-HTML, eyayichaza ukuthi ulwazi lwakhiwe futhi lusakazwa kanjani, wabhala isofthiwe ye- iseva yeWebhu yokuqala (inqolobane yefayela emaphakathi) kanye ne- iklayenti lewebhu lokuqala, noma “isiphequluli” (uhlelo lokufinyelela nokubonisa amafayela abuyiswe endaweni yokugcina). I-World Wide Web (WWW) yazalwa kanjalo. Isicelo sokuqala salokhu kwakuyincwadi yocingo ye CERN elebhu.  

CERN wabeka isofthiwe ye-WWW esizindeni somphakathi ngo-1993 futhi wayenza yatholakala kulayisensi evulekile. Lokhu kuvumela iwebhu ukuthi ichume.  

Iwebhusayithi yokuqala info.cern.ch yabuyiselwa emuva yi-CERN ngo-2013. 

Ukuthuthukiswa kuka-Tim Berners-Lee kwewebhusayithi yokuqala emhlabeni, iseva yewebhu kanye nesiphequluli sewebhu kuguqule indlela ulwazi olwabiwa ngayo nokufinyelelwa kulo ku-inthanethi. Izimiso zakhe (okungukuthi, i-HTML, i-HTTP, ama-URL neziphequluli zewebhu) zisasetshenziswa nanamuhla. 

Ingenye yezinto ezintsha ezibaluleke kakhulu ezithinte izimpilo zabantu emhlabeni wonke futhi zashintsha indlela esiphila ngayo. Umthelela wayo emphakathini nakwezomnotho awunakulinganiswa.  

*** 

Source:  

I-CERN. Umlando omfushane weWebhu. Itholakala ngo https://www.home.cern/science/computing/birth-web/short-history-web  

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Umesh Prasad
Umesh Prasad
Intatheli yesayensi | Umhleli ongumsunguli, umagazini we-Scientific European

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